Three Subjects and Seven Duties Model: Empowering Informatization Teaching Ability of Pre-Service Teachers
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Pre-service teachers
Informatization teaching ability
3S-7D model



Submitted : 2023-12-19
Accepted : 2024-01-03
Published : 2024-01-18


By constructing a model, this study seeks to provide suggestions for strengthening pre-service teachers’ informatization teaching ability. It aims to answer the following research questions: (1) What do the pre-service teachers know about informatization instruction? What is their level of informatization teaching ability? (2) What factors influence pre-service teachers’ ability to deliver informatization instruction? How to overcome the obstacles? The inquiry focuses on the theoretical exploration of informatization teaching ability, questionnaire, and interview analysis on the current condition and improvement of pre-service teachers’ informatization teaching ability. The data from the questionnaire and interview of the pre-service teachers were evaluated from three dimensions: awareness and attitude towards informatization teaching, knowledge of informatization teaching, and the ability to apply informatization teaching skills innovatively and comprehensively. The 3S-7D (Three Subjects and Seven Duties) model consisting of three subjects and the seven duties that go with them is established. The three subjects include pre-service teachers, teacher educators, and higher education schools. The seven duties involve pre-service teachers demonstrating learning motivation, cross-discipline thinking, and information and communications technology mastery; teacher educators actively constructing informatization teaching practice and formative assessment; and higher education schools providing adequate hardware and software equipment while offering cooperative opportunities with primary and junior schools through institutionalization.


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