Primary schools are a sanctuary for basic education. Primary school students are in the initial stage of development in many areas. Mathematical culture has a great effect on the improvement of students’ mathematical literacy. However, exam-oriented education has seriously affected people’s way of thinking, leading to a large gap in mathematics education and its culture with excessive emphasis on the accumulation of mathematical knowledge, skill training, and other aspects but neglecting the cultural connotation of mathematics itself. Ensuring that students master mathematical knowledge is one of the purposes of mathematics education. However, while gaining knowledge, students should be guided to understand its cultural connotation. Therefore, in order to implement the concept of people-oriented education and promote the comprehensive development of students, it is extremely important to integrate mathematical culture into the cultivation of mathematical literacy.
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