Digital governance is an important issue in the digital age, involving the interests of governments, enterprises, individuals, and other parties. It is a key factor in achieving modernization of national governance and has attracted widespread attention from countries around the world. In this study, a Knowledge Graph was plotted to combine the research framework of digital governance through a big data system. The basic characteristics of digital governance research, the forefront of global digital governance research, and the current governance challenges facing global digital governance are also explained in this paper. The co-occurrence clustering analysis of keywords identified that the forefront of global digital governance research mainly includes digital government governance, artificial intelligence governance, digital platform governance, digital currency governance, etc. The main problems faced by digital governance at present include monopolistic challenges, the constant evolution of the “digital divide,” data privacy protection, and artificial intelligence ethics. Solutions proposed to these problems include the deep application of digital technologies such as artificial intelligence and blockchain, the protection and enhancement of digital rights, and international cooperation and sharing, to address the governance challenges in the digital age.
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