Translation is a kind of cross-cultural propagation process and communication activity. When there is culture, there will be cultural propagation. The propagation of foreign cultures belongs to cross-language propagation and must be achieved through translation. It can be said that without translation, there will be no propagation of foreign cultures, and various cultures cannot be better integrated and developed. Whether it was the Renaissance in Europe or the spread of Western learning in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, they all fully explained the huge effects yielded by translation in the development of social culture.