Reflection on the Quality and Equity of Chinese Basic Education—From PISA 2018 Results: Where All Students Can Succeed

Abstract

PISA 2018 Results: Where All Students Can Succeed analyzes students’ academic performance and wellbeing from the social background of students and schools. It shows that the influence of socio-economic status on the academic performance of students in Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang(China) (hereafter “B-S-J-Z[China]”) is relatively low, but disadvantaged students receive insufficient support from school; socio-economic segregation between schools in B-S-J-Z(China) affects students’ academic performance and expectations for the future; the shortage of quality teachers in B-S-J-Z(China) is serious, but the teaching resources are sufficient. According to PISA 2018, China should promote balanced development among schools, strengthen teachers’ education, adhere to curriculum and teaching reform, so as to promote education equity and improve education quality.