On the Ancient Educational Thought under the Opposite View of Human Nature of the Pre-Qin Scholars—— On its Value to Contemporary Higher Education

Abstract

The pre-qin Scholars’ views on human nature could be divided into two types: malleable human nature and immalleable human nature. Based on the theory of the malleability of human nature, Confucianism formed an educational concept aiming at shaping the ideal personality of Confucianism. The theory of immutability of human nature has become the root of the two distinct educational concepts of Taoism, which advocates letting nature take its course, and Taoism, which aims at reforming human behavior. Either idea has its reasonableness. All of these have a very important impact on our higher education today.