In the pre-Qin period, Confucius proposed six subjects namely the etiquette, music, archery, driving, literacy, and calculation. Among the six subjects, music was ranked the second. Among them, traditional education in China can fully reflect the importance of music education, and the essence and core of music education can be reflected from the requirements of aesthetic education. In recent years, with the continuous development and improvement of production and life, the theme of education in today's society has changed, and quality education is the center and focus of education today. Moreover, people begin to focus on how to inherit and publicize the traditional music culture. As the music culture is of great importance, many people are encouraged to continue to practice and publicize the traditional music. The main point of this article is Confucian theory of music education.