A Study on the Problems Faced by Graduates’ Employability and Strategies for Improvement
Download PDF


Strategies for improvement



Submitted : 2023-11-08
Accepted : 2023-11-23
Published : 2023-12-08


The study of employability in modern societies is important because it concerns individuals, the education system, employers, and society. This article analyzes the employability of graduates from the perspective of soft skills, hard skills, interpersonal skills, creativity and innovation, and leadership skills. Graduates face numerous issues and challenges in terms of employability. Therefore, schools and educational institutions, governments, and enterprises need to work together to enhance their competitiveness and chances of success in the workplace.


Abelha M, Fernandes S, Mesquita D, et al., 2020, Graduate Employability and Competence Development in Higher Education—A Systematic Literature Review Using PRISMA. Sustainability, 12(15): 5900.

Guilbert L, Bernaud JL, Gouvernet B, et al., 2016, Employability: Review and Research Prospects. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 16: 69–89.

Williams S, Dodd LJ, Steele C, et al., 2016, A Systematic Review of Current Understandings of Employability. Journal of Education and Work, 29(8): 877–901.

Tymon A, 2013, The Student Perspective on Employability. Studies in Higher Education, 38(6): 841–856.

Beveridge WH, 1906, The Problem of the Unemployed. The Sociological Review, 1906(1): 323–341.

Römgens I, Scoupe R, Beausaert S, 2020, Unraveling the Concept of Employability, Bringing Together Research on Employability in Higher Education and the Workplace. Studies in Higher Education, 45(12): 2588–2603.

Archer W, Davison J, 2008, Graduate Employability: What do Employers Think and Want. The Council for Industry and Higher Education, London.

McQuaid RW, Lindsay C, 2005, The Concept of Employability. Urban Studies, 42(2): 197–219.