The structure known today as St. Jacob’s Church represents one of the oldest Christian medieval monuments in the region. With the emergence of findings suggesting that the structure was the world’s first university during recent excavation efforts, it has gained even more significance. Since 2006, the excavation works conducted by the Mardin Museum Directorate in the vicinity of Mor Yakup Church have yielded information about various phases of the structure. However, assessments regarding the nature of the structure are still debated within the academic environment. This study aimed to thoroughly investigate the functional changes and periods that St. Jacob’s Church underwent throughout history and to provide a detailed description and restitution for each period. In this study, we utilized excavation reports, data from written sources related to the settlement and structure, information obtained from the structure itself, traces existing on the structure, and data derived from architectural necessities (logic/scenario). The results indicate that this structure served three different functions (baptistry, church, university) and went through two main periods (pre-Christianity and postChristianity)
Akyüz G,1998, Nusaybin’deki Mor Yakup Kilisesi ve Nusaybin Okulu [Mor Yakup Church and Nusaybin School in Nusaybin], Mardin K?rklar Kilisesi, Mardin.
Bell GL, Mundell Mango M, 1989, The Churches and Monasteries of the ?ur ‘Abdin, Pindar Press, London.
Fiey JM, 1977, Nisibe: metropole syriaque orientale et ses suffragants des origines à nos jours [Eastern Syriac Metropolis and ?ts Suffragans from the Origins to the Present Day], Secretariat du Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, Louvain.
Khatchatrian A, 1957, Le Baptistère de Nusaybin [The Baptistery of Nusaybin]. Studi di Antichità Cristiana, 22: 407–421.
Khatchatrian A, 1962, Les baptistères paléochrétiens: plans, notices et bibliographie. [Paleochristian Baptisteries: Plans, Notes and Bibliography], Klincksieck, Paris.
Mundell Mango M, 1982, The Continuity of the Classical Tradition in the Art and Architecture of Northern Mesopotamia, in East of Byzantium: Syria and Armenia in the Formative Period, Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, DC, 85–93.
Mundell Mango M, 1981, The Sixth Century Sculpture of the Monastery of Deir Zafaran in Mesopotamia, in Actes du XVe Congrès International D’études Byzantines, Ass. Internat. des Etudes Byzantines, Athènes, 511–528.
Preusser C, 1911, Nordmesopotamische Baudenkmäler altchristlicher und islamischer Zeit [Northern Mesopotamian Architectural Monuments from the Early Christian and Islamic Times], Otto Zeller Verlag, Osnabrück.
Russell PS, 2005, Nusaybin as the Background to the Life of Ephrem the Syrian. Journal of Syriac Studies, 8(2): 179–235.
Sinclair TA, 1989, Eastern Turkey: An Architectural and Archaeological Survey, Pindar Press, London.
Gero S, 1982, The See of Peter in Babylon: Western Influences on the Eccles?ology of Early Pers?an Chr?st?an?ty, in East of Byzantium: Syria and Armenia in the Formative Period, Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, DC, 47–70.
Gaborit J, Thébault G, Oruç A, 2013, Mar Ya‘qub de Nisibe, in Les églises en Monde syriaque, Études Syriaques, Paris.
Bell G, 1982, The Churches and Monasteries of the Tur Abdin, The Pindar Press, London.
Akyüz G, 1998, Nusaybin According to Syriac Sources and the Mor Yakup Church in Nusaybin. Proceedings of From the Past to the Present: Nusaybin, 231–246.
Dalk?l?ç N, Halifeo?lu M, 2006, Assessment of Cultural Assets in Nusaybin and Conservation Recommendations. Proceedings of From the Past to the Present: Nusaybin, 417–429.
Davies JG, 1952, The Origin and the Development of Early Christian Church Architecture, SCM Press, London.
Erdo?an N, Tekin ?, 2013, Archaeological Excavation Report of Mor Yakup Church in Nusaybin. Mardin Museum, Mardin [Nusaybin Mor Yakup Kilisesi Arkeolojik Kaz? Çal??malar? Raporu], Mardin Museum, Mardin.
Castelfranchi MF, 1980, Baptisteria: Intorno ai più noti battisteri dell’Oriente [Baptisteries: Concerning the Most Well-Known Baptisteries in the East], Viella, Rome.
Karata? L, Alptekin A, Yakar M, 2023, Material Analysis for Restoration Application: A Case Study of the World’s First University Mor Yakup Church in Nusaybin, Mardin. Heritage Science, 11: 88.