In 2020, China has completed the battle to get rid of poverty with the goal of eliminating absolute poverty. However, many risks of inducing poverty in rural areas still exist. Controlling and responding to the risk of poverty is a key task to prevent the recurrence of poverty after poverty eradication. At present, the total risk of rural families has increased, the level of risk units has diversified, and the traditional risk and non-traditional risk coexist; rural risk not only has the commonness of risk trajectory, but also has the particularity of closer combination with natural factors and more prone to risk accumulation and superposition. Based on this, we should establish the concept of high-quality poverty alleviation, clarify the identification criteria for returning to poverty, establish an early warning mechanism for returning to poverty risk, and pay attention to the follow-up consolidation needs, so as to timely and effectively resolve the returning to poverty risk.