Does the Financial Status of Company Affect the Bond Credit Rating? ——Empirical Evidence from China's Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges

Abstract

This article takes the companies that publicly issued corporate bonds on the Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges from 2006 to 2018 as the research objects selecting six aspects that comprehensively reflect the 17 financial variables in 6 aspects: profitability, operating ability, bond repayment ability, development ability, cash flow and market value of the company. Principal component analysis method and factor analysis method are used to extract the principal factors of these financial indicator variables. That is how an ordered multi-classification Logistic regression model is constructed to test the impact of the Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges’ financial status on the corporate bond credit rating. It turns out that the financial status of the Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges have an important impact on the credit rating of corporate bonds. The financial status has a greater impact on corporate bonds with credit ratings of A- and AA-, while it has a smaller impact on corporate bonds with credit ratings above AA. The results of this article can help individual and institutional investors prevent risks from investing.