Poverty has been a world-wide issue. Due to the social disturbs caused by poverty, crime rates have risen, and diseases have spread. Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the party and the country have attached great importance to poverty alleviation and led people to successfully create a path of poverty alleviation and development with Chinese characteristics, bringing more than 700 million people out of absolute poverty, and contributing to the world's poverty alleviation. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the state has promoted the targeted poverty alleviation, innovated poverty alleviation methods, and made new progress in the poverty alleviation work. Under the current economic model of precise poverty alleviation, effectively improving the capacity of the poor for poverty alleviation has become a top priority.