Garbage incineration is an ideal method for the harmless and resource-oriented treatment of urban domestic waste. However, current domestic waste incineration power plants often face challenges related to maintaining consistent steam production and high operational costs. This article capitalizes on the technical advantages of big data artificial intelligence, optimizing the power generation process of domestic waste incineration as the entry point, and adopts four main engine modules of Alibaba Cloud reinforcement learning algorithm engine, operating parameter prediction engine, anomaly recognition engine, and video visual recognition algorithm engine. The reinforcement learning algorithm extracts the operational parameters of each incinerator to obtain a control benchmark. Through the operating parameter prediction algorithm, prediction models for drum pressure, primary steam flow, NOx, SO2, and HCl are constructed to achieve short-term prediction of operational parameters, ultimately improving control performance. The anomaly recognition algorithm develops a thickness identification model for the material layer in the drying section, allowing for rapid and effective assessment of feed material thickness to ensure uniformity control. Meanwhile, the visual recognition algorithm identifies flame images and assesses the combustion status and location of the combustion fire line within the furnace. This real-time understanding of furnace flame combustion conditions guides adjustments to the grate and air volume. Integrating AI technology into the waste incineration sector empowers the environmental protection industry with the potential to leverage big data. This development holds practical significance in optimizing the harmless and resource-oriented treatment of urban domestic waste, reducing operational costs, and increasing efficiency.
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