Building Daylight Simulation Analysis Based on Ladybug + Honeybee Parametric Approach: A Case Study of Gando Primary School
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Gando Primary School
Passive energy conservation
Ladybug Honeybee



Submitted : 2023-06-28
Accepted : 2023-07-13
Published : 2023-07-28


The Gando Primary School project faces several challenges like extreme environmental constraints, resource scarcity, and design requirements. These challenges include the hot climate of Burkina Faso, economic underdevelopment, building material scarcity, and lack of electrical resources. To implement an architectural design for the classrooms that accommodates these difficulties, especially in the absence of an electrical system, architect Francis Kéré employed various passive design strategies that can provide shelter from the rain and heat while achieving essential lighting levels and ventilation. This paper used Gando Primary School as the research object and utilized the parametric tools of Ladybug + Honeybee (L + H) to conduct numerical simulations and evaluations of the building’s daylighting, glare analysis, and indoor thermal comfort. The aim of this study is to investigate the application of passive design strategies in energy conservation under extreme environmental conditions, propose a parametric energy-saving evaluation strategy with L + H, and explore energy-saving design ideas in economically underdeveloped Third World countries.


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