Comprehensive Analysis of the Correlation between Estrogen Levels, Homocysteine, and Lipid Profiles in Postmenopausal Women with Coronary Heart Disease
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Keywords

Postmenopausal women
Coronary heart disease
Estrogen levels
Blood homocysteine
Blood lipids
Submitted : 2023-11-19
Accepted : 2023-12-04
Published : 2023-12-19

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the correlation between estrogen levels, blood homocysteine, and blood lipids in postmenopausal female patients with coronary heart disease. Methods: This study selected 50 postmenopausal female patients with coronary heart disease from Northeast Normal University Hospital (observation group). The data collection period extended from June 2021 to June 2023. Simultaneously, 50 healthy patients with no history of coronary heart disease were selected during the same period as the control group. Physical examinations were conducted for all participants. Estrogen levels, blood homocysteine, and blood lipid levels were tested in both groups. Results: Compared to the control group, the observation group exhibited higher levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), total cholesterol (TC), and homocysteine (Hcy), and lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C; P < 0.05). Pearson correlation analysis revealed a negative correlation between estradiol (E2) levels and changes in Hcy, TC, and lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels (P < 0.01). Multivariate analysis indicated that E2 serves as a protective factor against coronary heart disease in postmenopausal women. Decreased E2 levels, LDL-C, and Hcy were identified as independent risk factors for coronary heart disease in women (P < 0.05). Conclusion: A declining trend in estrogen levels among postmenopausal women has implications for their blood lipid levels and is closely associated with the development of chronic complications of menopause.

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