Objective: To analyze the effect of applying evidence-based care in rehabilitation nursing effect of patients with patellar fractures. Methods: A total of 54 patients with patellar fractures were randomly selected from the hospital. The diagnosis and treatment time were from the beginning of July 2018 to end of June 2019. The digital table grouping was adopted to divide patients into two groups with each group consists of 27 patients with this disease. Both groups underwent routine nursing and the experimental group with increased evidence-based care. Results: Compared with the control group, the knee function evaluation, complications and nursing satisfaction of the experimental group were more ideal, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: Evidence-based care in rehabilitation nursing of patients with patellar fracture can obtain ideal nursing effect.