With the efficient development of social economy, as well as the acceleration of the pace of life, the incidence of hemorrhoids remains high all year round, occupying a relatively high incidence of anorectal diseases. The author will sort out the four most representative theories of pathogenesis, and summarize and analyze them. Understanding the pathogenesis of hemorrhoids can give a deeper understanding of the nature of the disease, and it will help improve the accuracy of clinical diagnosis and treatment, which in turn is beneficial to the improvement of the cure rate.
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