Discussion on the Pathogenesis of Hemorrhoids


Preventive treatment




With the efficient development of social economy, as well as the acceleration of the pace of life, the incidence of hemorrhoids remains high all year round, occupying a relatively high incidence of anorectal diseases. The author will sort out the four most representative theories of pathogenesis, and summarize and analyze them. Understanding the pathogenesis of hemorrhoids can give a deeper understanding of the nature of the disease, and it will help improve the accuracy of clinical diagnosis and treatment, which in turn is beneficial to the improvement of the cure rate.


2020, Professional Committee of Colorectal Diseases, Chinese Society of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine. Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemorrhoids in China (2020). Colorectal and Anal Surgery, 26(05):519-533.

Yang Y, Yang X, 2018, The Pathophysiology of Hemorrhoid Degeneration Theory. Chinese Journal of Burns Wounds & Surface Ulcers, 30(05):378-380.

Wang Z, Tang X, Wang D, et al., 2006, The Pathological Features and Significance of Internal Hemorrhoids. Chinese Journal of Surgery, (03):177-180.

Scott RS, Tracy LH, Thomas ER, et al., 2016, The ASCRS Textbook of Colon and Rectal Surgery. Springer, Cham.

Han W, Wang Z, Zhao B, et al., 2005, The Mechanism and Significance of Elastic Fiber Degeneration and Angiogenesis in Hemorrhoid Tissue. Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, (01):56-59.

Chen Q, Yang X, 2014, Theory and Application of Degeneration of Hemorrhoids. Colorectal and Anal Surgery, 20(06):435-436.