Objective: To study and evaluate the incidence of pain and complications in patients with spinal trauma after minimally invasive treatment. Methods: The research period was selected from January 2018 to December 2020, and 40 patients with spinal trauma were selected. According to the random number table scheme, they were divided into the study group and the control group. The treatment scheme of the control group was traditional surgery, and the treatment scheme of the study group was minimally invasive surgery. The indicators of the two groups were compared and analyzed. Results: Compared with the two groups of surgery and postoperative recovery related indicators, the study group had more advantages (P<0.05); Compared two groups of postoperative NRS score, VAS score and the incidence of complications, the study group had more advantages(P<0.05). Conclusion: Minimally invasive treatment of spinal trauma has significant clinical effect, which can effectively relieve postoperative pain and reduce the incidence of various complications.