Epidemiological Analysis of Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Novel Coronavirus Infection Cases in Yinchuan City of Ningxia

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 novel coronavirus infection cases in Yinchuan City, Ningxia. Methods: Cases of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 novel coronavirus infections discovered in Yinchuan City from February 2020 to April 2020 were taken as the research subjects, epidemiological and laboratory examination data were collected, and statistics and analysis were conducted. Results: Among the 10 cases of asymptomatic infection, 6 were males and 4 were females, with an average age of (34.3±2.1) years; 2 cases had a history of living in Hubei, 8 cases had a history of close contact with confirmed cases; 6 cases had no other underlying diseases while the other 4 cases were accompanied by one or more underlying diseases; 6 cases were diagnosed as asymptomatic infection by serum-specific IgM antibody detection; 4 cases were diagnosed as asymptomatic infection by throat swab testing; there were 4 cases with alanine base transferase level higher than the normal range, 2 cases with aspartate aminotransferase level higher than the normal range, and 3 cases with D-dimer level out of the normal range. Conclusion: The asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 novel coronavirus infection has certain clinical characteristics; it is infectious and has insidious characteristics. Even if medical observation is dismissed, monitoring is still needed to prevent the pandemic from rebounding.