Clinical Study on the Effects of Different Positions on Supine Hypotensive Syndrome in Cesarean Section after Lumbar Anesthesia

Abstract

Aim: To explore the effects of different positions on supine hypotensive syndrome in cesarean section after lumbar anesthesia. Methods: 600 full-term parturient were randomly divided into 4 groups. The patented positioning pads (patent number: ZL 2017 2 0618886.5) in our department was used in the left-leaning position. The parturient lied in a supine position for anesthesia in, and then the group of positioning pads was placed after turning into the lateral position. The parturient were divided into group A (supine position), group B (left-leaning to 10 °), group C (left-leaning to 20 °), and group D (30 °). Observation index: Main index: Comparison of maternal blood pressure changes and neonatal blood gas analysis in the supine position without using a position pad and with the use of patent positioning pads in different tilt angles (10°, 20°, 30°). Minor index: 1) the use and frequency of vasoactive drugs, whether a left-leaning operating bed or uterine displacement is required; 2) the consciousness of the parturient; 3) newborn’s Apgar scores of 1 minute, 5 minutes, and 10 minutes after birth; 4) whether the obstetrician can perform the operation smoothly in the corresponding left leaning position. Results: The blood pressure at the supine position after anesthesia, the beginning of surgery and the time when the newborn was delivered in group A and group B were significantly different from those in group C (P<0.05). There were significant differences at different timings in group A and group B, and the decline was more significant at the supine position after anesthesia, the beginning of surgery and the time when the newborn was delivered (P<0.05). The pH value of blood gas analysis of newborns in group A, group B and group C was between 7.25 and 7.37, and there was no significant difference between the three groups (P?0.05). Conclusion: The use of positioning pads can prevent the adverse effects of supine hypotensive syndrome on parturient and newborns to a certain extent.