To investigate the effect of thrombectomy combined with inÂ travascular injection (PTA) on the treatment of iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT).Â 50 patients with IVCS and DVT were enrolled in this studyÂ from January 2013 to December 2016. They were randomly divided into two groups. The control group was treatedÂ with thrombolytic therapy. The study group was treated withÂ thrombus aspiration combined with PTA. The therapeutic effect of the study group was significantly better than that ofÂ the control group (P < 0.05).Thrombectomy combined withÂ intravascular stenting for the treatment of iliac vein compression syndrome and deep vein thrombosis is better than theÂ second stage.