This paper focuses on the design of residential buildings oriented to the efficient use of solar energy, and selects the entries HUI HOUSE of Hefei University of Technology and Lille I University of France in the 3rd China International Solar Decathlon China Competition, based on the theory of the life cycle assessment (LCA) of buildings, and analyzes the carbon footprint from four aspects: building materials production and transportation stage, building construction stage, building operation stage, and building demolition stage. Through the calculation of the carbon footprint of buildings, the socio-economic benefits of HUI HOUSE in carbon reduction were analyzed; the result of the calculation was that HUI HOUSE achieved carbon neutrality in the ninth year, and continued carbon reduction after that, contributing a cumulative total of 947.54 tons of carbon negative in the life cycle of buildings.
P?oszaj-Mazurek M, Ry?ska E, Grochulska-Salak M, 2020, Methods to Optimize Carbon Footprint of Buildings in Regenerative Architectural Design with the Use of Machine Learning, Convolutional Neural Network, and Parametric Design. Energies, 13(20): 5289. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205289
Liu C, Zhang H, Luo B, Li L, 2022, A Quantitative Recovery Process of Rare Earth in Bastnaesite Leachate for Energy Saving and Emission Reduction. Minerals Engineering, 190: 107920.
Jin H, Yang J, Chen Y, 2022, Energy Saving and Emission Reduction Fiscal Policy and Corporate Green Technology Innovation. Frontiers in Psychology, 13: 1056038. https://www.doi.org/ 10.3389/fpsyg.2022.1056038
Sahoo N, Kumar A, Samsher S, 2022, Review on Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction Approaches for Cement Industry. Environmental Development, 44: 100767. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envdev.2022.100767
Wang S, Luo Y, Liu Z, et al., 2022, Analysis on Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction Efficiency and Influencing Factors for Ports Around Bohai in China Under the Low Carbon Target. Sustainability, 14(22): 14765.
Bai Y, Gao Y, Li D, et al., 2022, Coordinated Distribution or Client Introduce? Analysis of Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction in Canadian Logistics Enterprises. Sustainability, 14(24): 16979.
Shi F, Jin W, 2018, Research on the Design Concept and Type of Building Thermal Buffer Space: A Case Study of the International Solar Decathlon Competition. Southern Architecture, 2018(2): 60¬¬–66.
Sun Y, 2018, Competition, Construction and Education: A Review of the 2018 China International Solar Decathlon Competition. Architectural Journal, 2018(12): 77-79.
Seyedabadi MR, Eicker U, Karimi S, 2021, Plant Selection for Green Roofs and Their Impact on Carbon Sequestration and the Building Carbon Footprint. Environmental Challenges, 4: 100119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envc.2021.100119
Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People’s Republic of China and State Administration for Market Regulation, 2019, Standard for Building Carbon Emission Calculation, viewed November 12, 2022.
Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People’s Republic of China, 2018, Standard for Green Performance Calculation of Civil Buildings, JGJ/T 449-2018, viewed November 12, 2022.