How did Public Buildings and Monuments Contribute to the Evolution of Agora to Forum during the Early Roman Period in Athens?
PDF

Keywords

Public Space
Greek Agora
Roman Forum

DOI

10.26689/jard.v5i4.2321

Abstract

This article uses Athens in the early Roman Empire, the province of Achaia, and the political culture behind it as a research environment. Then focuses on two public spaces in Athens: Classic Agora and Roman Forum, which are used as cases to research the relationships between these public spaces. Based on the dynamic evolution of public buildings, monuments, and new public spaces in Athens during that period, this article explores the reasons for this adaptation and transformation of the Forum to Agora in the Roman period. Research suggests that the construction and existence of public buildings and monuments in Athens during the Roman period may have played a major role in promoting this transition from Agora to Forum.

References

Dewitt N, 1919, The Origin of the Roman Forum. The Classical Journal, [online]. 14(7):433-440. Available from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3287964

Wycherley R, 1942, The Ionian Agora. The Journal of Hellenic Studies, 62:21-32.

Mark J, 2009, Agora. [online]. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Available from: https://www.ancient.eu/agora/

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2016, Forum | Ancient Roman Public Area. [online]. Encyclopedia Britannica. Available from: https://www.britannica.com/topic/forum-ancient-Rome

Mark J, 2013, Ancient Greece. [online]. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Available from: https://www.ancient.eu/greece/

Lauwerys J, et al., 2020, Education: Roman Adoption of Hellenistic Education. [online] Encyclopedia Britannica. Available from: https://www.britannica.com/topic/education/Roman-adoption-of-Hellenistic-education

Morley N, 2010, They Called it “Civilization:” The Dynamics of Cultural Change. In The Roman Empire: Roots of Imperialism, Pluto Press, London; New York, 102-127, doi: 10.2307/j.ctt183pb5x.9

Rudd N, ed., 2010, Horace: Epistles Book II and Epistle to the Pisones (“Ars Poetica”): Epistles Book II and Ars Poetica. Cambridge University Press.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2017, Agora | Definition, History, & Facts. [online]. Encyclopedia Britannica. Available from: https://www.britannica.com/topic/agora

Donati JC, 2018, The Greek Agora in the Hellenistic and Roman periods: The State of Affairs on the Greek Mainland. Journal of Roman Archaeology, 31:893–906.

Suzanne B, 1998, Map of the Agora of Athens in Socrates and Plato’s time. [image]. Available from: https://www.plato-dialogues.org/plato.htm

Sakoulas T, nd., History of the Athenian Agora. [online]. Ancient-greece.org. Available from: https://ancient-greece.org/history/agora.html

American School of Classical Studies, nd., Guide. [online]. Agathe.Gr. Available from: http://agathe.gr/guide/

Foundation of The Hellenic World ©2006. History - Archaeology > Roman Period > Findings. [online]. Virtual Reality Digital Collection “The Ancient Agora of Athens”. Available from: http://project.athens-agora.gr/index.php?view=per&pid=7&lang_id=en

Alcock SE, 2002, Archaeologies of the Greek Past: Landscape, Monuments, and Memories, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Cartwright, M., (2016). A Model of the Agora of Athens at its Maximum Extension During the 2nd Century CE is Exhibited in the Athens Agora Museum. [image]. Available from: https://www.ancient.eu/image/4519/model-of-the-agora-of-athens/

Dickenson, C., (2017). Public Statues as a Strategy of Remembering in Early Imperial Messene. In: T. Dijkstra, I. Kuin, M. Moser and D. Weidgenannt, ed., Strategies of Remembering in Greece under Rome (100 BC - 100 AD). Sidestone Press, Leiden, 126-142.

Choremi, A, 2017, The Roman Agora: The First Commercial Center of Athens. [online] Brewminate. Available from: https://brewminate.com/the-roman-agora-the-first-commercial-center-of-athens/

Tomisti, 2016, The Plan of Roman Agora at Athens. [image]. Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Plan_Roman_Agora_at_Athens.svg

Hoff, M., (1989). THE Early History of The Roman Agora at Athens. Bulletin Supplement (University of London. Institute of Classical Studies), (55):1–8.

Ahenobarbus C, 2013, Plan of the Forum of Caesar. [image]. Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Plan_Roman_Agora_at_Athens.svg