Study of the Effect of Exercises on the Quality of Life, Fatigue, Sarcopenia in Breast, and Prostate and Colorectal Cancers
Download PDF


Aerobic exercise
High intensity training
Strength training



Submitted : 2023-05-15
Accepted : 2023-05-30
Published : 2023-06-14


Breast, prostate, and colorectal cancers are the most common cancers and have the highest mortality rates worldwide. Objective: To determine the benefits of continuous training at moderate and high intensity on quality of life, fatigue and sarcopenia in breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer. Method: A quasi-experimental study was performed with 356 patients with stage II breast cancer. The patients were distributed in 2 groups, and EORTC QLQ C-30 scale, FACT- Fatigue Scale, quality of life test, stress test, dynamometry and others were carried out. Results: The study population presented with sarcopenia. At the end of the study, the prevalence of sarcopenia decreased significantly (GE1: 31 % [before] vs. 24 % [after], and GE2: 38 % [before] vs. 19 % [after]; P ≤ 0.05). As did the values for fatigue (GE1: 17.3 ± 3.8 [before] vs. 10.4 ± 2.5 [after], and GE2: 19.6 ± 4.2 [before] vs. 9.4 ± 3.1 [after]; P = 0.012) and in the quality-of-life questionnaire (GE1: 61.7 ± 10.4 [before] vs. 69.5 ± 14.4 [after]; GE2: 76.5 ± 7.4 [before] vs. 106; P = 0.005). Conclusion: Continuous training at moderate and high intensity inevitably improved the variables evaluated, especially quality of life, fatigue, and sarcopenia. It should be noted that the improvements were more notable in the high intensity group.


Gutiérrez-Ortega R, Sánchez-Soto J, Gaona-Bernal J, et al., 2017, Prostate Cancer and an Oncolytic Virus as a Treatment Alternative. Sal Jal, 4(3): 192–200.

Fernández-Pérez M, Regueira-Betancourt S, Torres-Fernández M, 2016, Modifiable Risk Factors in Some Types of Cancer. Electronic Magazine Dr. Zoilo E. Marinello Vidaurreta, 41: 11.

Iacono C, Urdaneta J, García J, et al., 2017, Quality of Life in Cervical Cancer Survivors. Rev Venez Oncol, 29(3): 219–228.

Parra-Medina R, Barahona-Correa J, Chaves J, et al., 2021, Prevalence and Demographic Characteristics of Prostate Cancer Patients in Colombia: Data from the National Health Registry from 2015 to 2019. Revista Urología Colombiana/Colombian Urology Journal, 30(03): e204–e209.

Calero R, Cruzado J. The psychological intervention in mindfulness with breast cancer survivors.Systematic review. Psicooncología. 2018;15 (1):75-88.

Batista-Martínez A, González Y, Da-Cuña I, 2019, Aerobic Exercise Programs and their Benefits in Breast Cancer: A Systematic Review. Physiotherapy Issues, 48(1): 40–55.

Csendes A, Figueroa M, 2017, Status of Gastric Cancer in the World and in Chile. Rev Chil Cir, 69(6): 502–507.

Pauchard F, Blackburn S, Grego K, et al., 2017, Screening in Prostate Cancer, Where Are We Now? A Review of the Literature. Rev Chil Urol, 82(4): 20–31.

Oraá-Tabernero N, Cruzado J, Ossola G, et al., 2017, Effects of Treatment Type and Risk Group on Quality of Life and Information in Prostate Cancer Patients. Psicooncologia, 14(2–3): 241–254.

Borau P, Alonso-Gordo T, Villaverde R, 2017, Prostate Cancer and Testicular Cancer. Medicine-Accredited Continuing Medical Training Program, 12(33): 1966–1979.

Vasconcelos-Raposo J, Moreira T, Arbinaga F, et al., 2017, Sexual Satisfaction in Cancer Patients. Act Colomb Psychol, 20(2): 95–105.

Grongstad A, Vøllestad N, Oldervoll L, et al., 2020, Acute Impact of Resistance Training on Fatigue in Patients with Pulmonary Sarcoidosis. Chron Respir Dis, 17: 1479973120967024.

Bórquez J, Montes N, Díaz E, 2018, Combating Tumor Cells Through SIRT3 Activation and Exercise. Rev Med Chile, 146: 762–769.

Alarcón-Hormazábal M, Delgado-Floody Pe, Castillo-Mariqueo L, et al., 2016, Effects of 8 Weeks of High Intensity Interval Training on Basal Glycemia Levels, Anthropometric Profile and VO2 Max of Sedentary Young People with Overweight or Obesity. Nutr Hosp, 33(2): 104.

Thomas R, Balady G, Banka G, et al., 2018, ACC/AHA Clinical performance andquality measures for cardiac rehabilitation: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures. J Am Coll Cardiol, 71(16): 1814–1837.

Frisancho R, 1993, Methods and Materials. Anthropometric Standard for the Assessment of Growth and Nutritional Status, University of Michigan Press, 9–31.

Fett C, Fett W, Marchini J, 2009, Resisted Exercise vs. Jogging in Metabolic Risk Factors of Underweight/Obese Women. Arq Bras Cardiol, 93(5): 519–525.

Enright P, Sherrill D, 1998, Reference Equations for the Six- Minute Walk in Healthy Adults. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 158(5 Pt 1): 1384–1387.

American Thoracic Society, 2002, ATS Statement: Guidelines for the Six-Minute Walk Test. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 166(1): 111–117.

Cruz-Jentoft AJ, Baeyens J, Bauer J, et al., 2010, Sarcopenia: European Consensus on Definition and Diagnosis. Age Ageing, 39: 412–423.

Guralnik J, Simonsick E, Ferrucci L, et al., 1994, A Short Physical Performance Battery Assessing Lower Extremity Function: Association with Self-Reported Disability and Prediction of Mortality and Nursing Home Admission. J Gerontol, 49(2): M85–M94

Aaronson N, Ahmedzai S, Bergman B, et al., 1993, The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30: A Quality-of-Life Instrument for Use in International Clinical Trials in Oncology. J Nat Cancer Inst, 85(5): 365–376.

Fayers N, Aaronson K, Bjordal M, et al., 2001, The EORTC QLQ-C30 Scoring Manual (3rd Edition). The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels.

Yellen S, Cella D, Webster K, et al., 1997, Measuring Fatigue and Other Anemia-Related Symptoms with the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT) Measurement System. J Pain Symptom Manag, 13(2): 63–74.

Mijwel S, Backman M, Bolam K, et al. 2018, Adding High-Intensity Interval Training to Conventional Training Modalities: Optimizing Health-Related Outcomes During Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer: The OptiTrain Randomized Controlled Trial. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 168(1): 79–93.

Campbell K, Winters-Stone K, Wiskemann J, et al., 2019, Exercise Guidelines for Cancer Survivors: Consensus Statement from International Multidisciplinary Roundtable. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 51(11): 2375–2390.

Gomes-Neto M, Durães A, Reis H, et al., 2017, High-Intensity Interval Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Exercise Capacity and Quality of Life in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Eu J Prev Cardiol, 24(16): 1696–1707.

Thum J, Parsons G, Whittle T, et al., 2017, High-Intensity Interval Training Elicits Higher Enjoyment than Moderate Intensity Continuous Exercise. PLoS One, 12(1): e0166299.

Schulz S, Laszlo R, Otto S, et al., 2018, Feasibility and Effects of a Combined High Intensity Strength/Interval Training Adjuvant in Patients with Breast Cancer: A Single Center Pilot Study. Disabil Rehabil, 40(13): 1501–1508.