Objective: To explore the therapeutic effect of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine on anal pruritus after anorectal surgery. Methods: Ninety-eight patients with anal pruritus after anorectal surgery in our hospital were selected as the research subjects. They were divided into two groups, the control group (50 cases) and the study group (48 cases), according to the treatment plan. The control group was under a simple western medicine treatment plan, while the study group was under an integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine treatment plan. The overall efficacy, severity of anal pruritus, time to eliminate clinical symptoms, and anxiety and depression scores of the two groups of patients under different treatment plans were compared. Results: After two weeks of treatment, the total effective rate of the study group was 95.83%, which was significantly higher than that of the control group (82.00%, P < 0.05). After 7 and 14 days of treatment, the anal pruritus scores improved significantly in both the groups, but the study group was superior to the control group, with statistical difference (P < 0.01). The time of disappearance of skin itching and skin damage in the study group was shorter than that in the control group. After 14 days of treatment, the anxiety and depression scores of both groups were lower than those after 7 days of treatment; however, there was statistical difference between the two groups (P < 0.01). Conclusion: In the clinical treatment of anorectal postoperative diseases, such as anal pruritus, the combination of traditional Chinese and western medicine can significantly improve the symptoms of pruritus, shorten the time of disappearance of clinical symptoms, improve depression and anxiety, and create a positive clinical application value in promoting the rehabilitation of patients and improving their quality of life.
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