Adenoid basal carcinoma (ABC) of the cervix is a rare and low-incidence low-grade cervical cancer. In our practice, we encountered a case of cervical ABC with squamous differentiation and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) with gland involvement in the peripheral cervix. Reviewing relevant literature and analyzing its clinical manifestations, pathological morphology, and immunohistochemical characteristics would help deepen the understanding of this malignant tumor, so as to make a comprehensive diagnosis with differential diagnosis and prevent misdiagnosis.
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