Objective: This study aims to explore and analyze the comparison of clinical treatment effects of internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty and internal fixation alone on patients with spinal fractures. Methods: The experimental time was from April 2021 to April 2023. 80 spinal fracture patients treated by spinal surgery in our hospital were used as research objects, and grouped by double-blind method into study group (n = 40) and control group (n = 40). The study group received internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty, and the control group received internal fixation alone. The restoration of spinal structure, treatment, surgical treatment index, and incidence of adverse events were compared between the groups. Results: Before operation, the Cobb angle of the affected vertebra, the degree of spinal canal invasion, and the compression ratio of the prevertebral height of the two groups were compared, and there was no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05). The
degree of compression and the compression ratio of the affected prevertebral height in the study group were significantly better than those of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The rating of the treatment situation in the study group was significantly higher than that of the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The surgical treatment indicators such as tissue bleeding volume, hospitalization time, and intraoperative operation time in the study group were significantly better than those in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The incidence of adverse events in the study group was significantly lower than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty is more effective than internal fixation alone in treating spinal fractures.
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