Research and Verification of Blackbody Radiation Law

Abstract

Blackbody radiation theory is one of the important origins of light quantum theory in the twentieth century. It is not only an important basis for quantum mechanics and photonics theory, but also an important conclusion of blackbody radiation, and an important foundation of modern measurement. In the early nineteenth century, the study of thermal radiation was supported by thermodynamics and spectroscopy, and the rapid development of electromagnetism and optics was used. By the end of the 19th century, it was recognized that both the thermal radiation and the optical radiation were electromagnetic waves, and began to study the distribution of radiant energy in different frequency ranges, especially the study of blackbody radiation in theory and practice. Blackbody radiation experiment is one of the contents of modern physics experiment in colleges and universities. This paper mainly studies and validates the law of blackbody radiation by the WGH-10 blackbody experimental device. There is already a calibrated bromine tungsten lamp energy curve at 2940k. At the beginning of the experiment, we should scan at 2940k color temperature to get the baseline, and then calculate the transfer function. Again, the energy curve obtained by scanning at different color temperatures is divided by the transfer function to obtain the correct energy radiation curve. The experimental study of blackbody radiation by computer scanning grating spectrometer and bromine tungsten lamp was carried out. By means of scrolling grating and sine mechanism, the data were recorded by computer scanning to verify the three laws of blackbody radiation directly, and the radiation, transmission and reception of blackbody were analyzed Error correction.