Analysis of the effect of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery on immune function and survival in patients with early stage lung cancer undergoing radical operation

Xi Zhang

Abstract


Objective: To analysis of the effect of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery on immune function and survival in patients with early stage lung cancer undergoing radical operation. Methods From August 2009 to May 2011, 96 cases of early stage lung cancer undergoing radical operation patients were studied in our hospital.
According to the simple random method were divided into control group and observatio n group, each group of 48 patients. The control group underwent thoracotomy and resection of lung cancer and the observation group underwent endoscopic resection of lung cancer. Comparison of the two groups of patients with surgery, immune parameters, quality of life and prognosis. Results The operation situation of the two groups were compared, found no significant difference between the two groups of patients with operation time (P>0.05), but the amount of intraoperative bleeding, postoperative drainage, extubation time and postoperative ambulation time were significantly lower than the control group (P<0.05); two groups of patients before and after surgery, IgA IgM had no significant difference (P>0.05), and IgG patients after
surgery is higher than the level before surgery, and
CD3+,CD4+,CD8+T cell fraction less than before the surgery, compared with statistical significance (P<0.05); the patients in the observation group 1 days after IgG was significantly higher than control group, and CD3+,CD4+,CD8+T cell fraction in 1 days after surgery was lower than that of control group, compared with statistical significance (P<0.05); the control group of patients with 5 year survival rate was 43.75% and the observation group patients 5 year survival rate was 56.25%. Two groups of patients with 5 year survival rate, recurrence rate and distant metastasis showed no significant difference (p>0.05). But the recurrence time of the observation group was significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05); the two groups of patients after treatment, the physiological status, social / family status, emotional status, functional status, additional lung cancer status was better than that before treatment (P<0.05), and the observation group of patients with physiological status, social / family, emotional status, functional status, additional lung cancer status was significantly better than the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Compared with thoracotomy, video assisted thoracoscopic surgery for early lung cancer resection, with small trauma, short recovery time of patients with, and has little effect on the immune function of patients, prolong the recurrence time of patients, improve the quality of life of patients.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26689/par.v1i3.200

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