Geraniol is an acyclic monoterpenoid compound, which exists widely in aromatic plants. Geraniol has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. Recently, it has been found that geraniol has a strong effect on improving immune function and anti-tumor. Many experimental evidences support that geraniol has a good effect on the treatment or prevention of different types of tumors, such as breast cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, etc. it also has a synergistic anti-cancer effect with many anti-cancer drugs, revealing the mechanism of its more complex anti-tumor pharmacological action System. In this review, we summarized a variety of anti-cancer signaling pathways and targets. Geraniol is considered to be a safe, effective and promising multi-target anti-cancer drug, which is expected to become an important force in the anti-cancer of traditional Chinese medicine.