Objective: To review the research progress of using Chinese medicine ginseng to prevent and treat AIDS in China. Methods: Based on the method of TCM syndrome differentiation, Chinese medical researchers divided AIDS into four types: heat toxin stagnation type, Qi and blood deficiency type, stasis and internal resistance type, and Qi and Yin injury type. Results: The therapeutic effects of the compound preparation of traditional Chinese medicine were significant, such as Aikang capsule, Tangcao tablet, Wuweilingqi capsule, Aining granule, compound Sanhuang powder, etc. Astragalus, licorice, honeysuckle, Scutellaria, bupleurum, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Viola, Hedyotis diffusa and other 8 kinds of traditional Chinese medicine have been proved to have anti HIV effect. Conclusion: Among the 27 kinds of Chinese medicine ginseng, Andrographis paniculata, Viola, Arnebia, Arctium lappa, Sophora flavescens, honeysuckle, Guanzhong, Prunella, Coptis, Wolfberry, Wedelia and epimedium have been proved to have the effect of preventing HIV replication.