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Author Guidelines

NOTE: Authors are encouraged to select the journal they want to submit manuscripts to before writing and formatting. Choose an article type, e.g. Original Research Article or Short Communication, that matches the written works. Read the General Criteria to get a general idea of the format and style of journal's articles. Then, proceed to the guidelines of article type of interest for more specific guidance on the structure and section requirements.

 

General Criteria

Language

The manuscript must be written consistently either in American English or British English. Authors are encouraged to use clear language and simple sentence structure. Abbreviations should be explained in full when first used in the text, table or figure. The authors who are not native speakers of English are advised to hire professional proofreading service and make necessary amendments before submission.

Format of manuscript

  • Page size: A4
  • Margin size: 2.5 cm on all edges
  • Line spacing: 1.5
  • Portrait orientation for the whole manuscript. Landscape orientation is allowed for figures and tables, if necessary.
  • 12-point Times New Roman for the entire manuscript, however, changes in font type and size are allowed for figures, provided that the font type and size are readable.
  • Section headings should be left aligned and capitalized (e.g. ABSTRACT, RESULTS). Sub-section headings should be italicized and in lower-case with their initial letters capitalized (e.g. Subject recruitment, Gel electrophoresis).
  • Page numbers (choose Bottom of Page, Right) and line numbers (choose Restart Each Page) must be included.
  • If necessary, employ italics rather than underlining (except for URL addresses). Italics should be used for Binomial names of organisms (Genus and Species) for emphasis and for unfamiliar words or phrases. Non-assimilated words from Latin or other languages should also be italicized e.g. in vivo, in vitro, per se, et al. etc.
  • The full term for an abbreviation should precede its first appearance in the abstract and text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.

Standard structure of article

Authors are advised to use the standard structure as shown in the following:

1

Author cover page

The author cover page must be the first page of the manuscript which contains the following:

  • Article title
  • Authors - first name, middle name's initial, last name, e.g. Adam J. Smith
  • Affiliations and addresses - the authors are indicated for the affiliations with superscripted numbers, and multiple affiliations are allowed
  • Corresponding author - first name, middle name's initial, last name, and active email address

2

Content

The structure of content varies among article types. Refer to the suitable article type below for more elaborate section structure.

Do not embed or place any figures and tables in sections like Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion. Authors should place the figures and tables at the end of the manuscript, e.g. after the Reference section. The figures and tables will be embedded or placed accordingly in the text during the typesetting stage.

3

Cover letter

The cover letter accompanying your article submission should be in the format of an official letter, highlighting to Editor-in-Chief the most important findings. Above all, the authors should make use of the cover letter to argue that the manuscript is a good fit for the journal. 

Authors should indicate/include

  • The title of manuscript
  • The type of article
  • The specialty to which the manuscript is being submitted
  • Whether the work described in the manuscript is part of a research topic
  • A short description of the objective(s), significance, as well as impact and novelty of the written works in relevant field
  • A declaration statement that the manuscript has not been submitted for publication elsewhere (A copy of manuscript should be provided if there are any closely related works submitted for consideration in other publications)

4

List of suggested reviewers

Authors need to provide the names of two to five potential reviewers from the academic background. The suggested reviewers must possess the expertise in the field of work as described in the manuscript. Reasons must be provided if the suggested reviewers are not from the academic background. In the list, authors need to supply the names and titles, current affiliation, email address and telephone number of the suggested reviewers.

See an example of our manuscript template for original research article. It will give you a general idea of the format, style and text organization of an article and relevant sections, in the appropriate order, that should be included in the manuscript.

 

General requirements of sections

The following sections do not apply to all types of articles. Authors should refer to a particular article type for the sections required for their manuscripts. 

1

Title

  • Fully represents the essence and gist of submitted manuscript
  • Less than 120 characters
  • Avoid non-standard abbreviations
  • The first letter of each word should be in capital letters except for articles, conjunctions and prepositions.

2

Abstract

An abstract is only required if the authors submit their manuscripts as Original Research Articles, Review Articles or Mini-Reviews.

3

Keywords

3 to 6 keywords are required

4

Introduction

An introduction should include the background, research problems/gaps and aims of the research in a comprehensive manner.

5

Materials and Methods

Authors should provide details to ensure the reproducibility of research findings. Details such as catalogue number, model number and supplier/manufacturer pertaining to the reagents, kits, cell strain, equipment, etc. used in the study should be supplied when appropriate.

Published methods must be indicated by a reference. If modifications have been introduced  to the published methods, only the changes in the procedures, materials and equipment should be described.

6

Results

The presentation and elaboration on the results should be precise and concise.

7

Discussion

This section explores the significance of the results and discusses the impact of the manuscript in light of recent developments in the field by providing supporting findings and data from other published articles. Extensive citations and discussion of published literature should be avoided.

8

Conclusion

(or Concluding Remark in Case Reports or Short Communications)

This section may include a small paragraph summarizing the significant works of the manuscript, presenting the final outcome of the research or suggesting further study or improvement on the topic.

9

Acknowledgment

A short text is required to acknowledge the contributions given by colleagues, institutions, organizations or agencies in supporting the works in the manuscript. Any funding source with the grant number must be stated clearly and acknowledged.

10

Conflict of Interest

Any personal, professional and/or financial contributions or any potential conflict of interest should be included at the end of the submitted manuscript before the references section. For more information on conflict of interest, please refer to Editorial Policies.

11

List of Abbreviations

This section serves to list out all the abbreviations used in the manuscript. The items in the list must be arranged in the alphabetical order, regardless of their order in the text, e.g.:

atm, standard atmosphere; Nrf2, nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2; PCR, polymerase chain reaction

12

Reference

See the Reference section below.


Ethical consideration

For human or animal experimental investigations, it is a prerequisite to provide a formal review and approval, or review and waiver, by an appropriate institutional review board or local ethics committee, which should be documented in paper.

All clinical investigations involving human subjects must be conducted according to ethical principles in the Declaration of Helsinki, as revised in 2000 and 2008. Authors must comply with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (www.icmje.org) in conjunction with the patient's consent for research or participation in a study. Patient names, initials, or hospital numbers must not be mentioned anywhere in the manuscript (including figures and tables). The authors should inform and discuss with the study participants on the purpose(s) of publication, the possible risks and benefits and the individual's right to withhold or withdraw consent before recruitment. In the case of a minor patient, consent should be obtained from the parent(s) or guardian(s). The authors should not perform any misconduct or deceive the human subjects in obtaining their consent. In the case where a confidential case material is used in the study, the authors must obtain verbal and written consent of human subjects before they participate in the study. However, a patient consent is not required for very brief case vignettes which do not contain identifying information or if the case material is masked sufficiently to prevent identification of the patient. A statement that experiments were performed with the understanding and consent of each human subject, with the approval of the appropriate local ethics committee, and the manner in which informed consent was obtained from the study participants (i.e., verbal and written) should be stated clearly in the Materials and Methods section.

For investigations involving the use of animals, the authors should indicate whether international, national and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed accordingly. The authors must include details of animal welfare (such as species, number, gender, age, weight, housing conditions, welfare, training and the fate of the animals at the end of the experiment) and relevant details of steps taken to ameliorate animal suffering in the Materials and Methods section of a manuscript. Similarly, for any experiments involving animals from clients or private institutions, the authors are required to get informed client consent and should adhere to the high-standard veterinary care (best practice). These details should be included in the Materials and Methods section of the manuscript.

Editors may request the authors to provide documentation of the formal review and recommendation from the institutional review board or local ethics committee which is responsible for overseeing the study, if necessary.

 

Figures and tables

Figures and tables should not be embeded in the text of the manuscript, instead, they should be placed at the end of the manuscript. For example, any figures and tables that should appear in the Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion sections of the manuscript must be placed at the end of the manuscript, e.g. after the Reference section for the manuscript of original research article.

1

Figures

  • 'Figure' refers to photographs, line drawings, diagrams, flow charts, graphs and charts.
  • Figures should be saved in one of the following formats: .jpg, .tif, .bmp, .png and .eps. Authors are advised to submit high-quality images or photographs (300 ppi) in the .jpg or .tif format during the first submission.
  • Scale bar should be provided for photograph items.
  • The figures should be placed in the same document (at the end of) of manuscript.
  • Each figure must be accompanied by a brief title, but a legend is optional. Both figure title and legend must appear below the figure.
  • All figures must be numbered in Arabic numerals consecutively throughout, in order of their citation in the body of the text. The first figure should be Figure 1, followed by Figure 2, and so on. The words of Figure 1, Figure 2 and so on should be put in bold throughout the manuscript. No abbreviation such as 'Fig. 1' is allowed.
  • All figures must be cited in the main text.
  • Multi-part figures are allowed. Each part of the figure should be labelled with a bold, uppercase letter, which usually starts with 'A'. Whenever a part of the figure is cited in text, the alphabet label should be put within parentheses, e.g. Figure 1(A).
  • Any color figure should be prepared in the CMYK format. RGB colors are not accepted. Please note that if the authors do not wish to publish the illustrations in colors, uncolored illustrations must be provided.
  • It is advisable to shrink the size of figures with considerably large file size, especially for .tif and .eps figures, by converting them to .jpg format while maintaining acceptable, maximum image quality.
  • Authors need to provide original figures by uploading them in the "Supplementary Files" section, upon request.
  • The Journal reserves the right to reject the inclusion of particular illustrations in the manuscript if the graphics are unreasonably large for the content.

2

Tables

  • Tables should be generated as editable text but not as images.
  • The tables should be placed in the same document (at the end of) of manuscript.
  • Each table must be accompanied by a brief title, but the description and footnote are optional. The table title must appear above the table, while the description and/or footnote, if there is any, must appear below the table.
  • A table generally consists of at least two vertical columns and two horizontal rows. Any divisions of the table should be indicated by horizontal rules.
  • All tables must be numbered in Arabic numerals consecutively throughout, in order of their citation in the body of the text. The first table should be Table 1, followed by Table 2, and so on. The words of Table 1, Table 2 and so on should be put in bold throughout the manuscript. No abbreviation such as 'Tab. 1' is allowed.
  • All tables must be cited in the main text.
  • Any units that should appear in the column and row headings of a table must be included in parentheses.
  • The data presented in tables should not be a duplication of results described elsewhere in the article, such as those in the text or figures.
  • Avoid shading in table cells.

 

Supplementary Files (if any)

Supplementary files are used to enhance the quality and integrity of the scholarly manuscript and are not part of the manuscript. In general, supplementary files include:

  • Figures (high-quality .jpg, .tif, .bmp and .eps, embedded in MS Word)
  • Tables (MS Word)
  • Raw data (MS Excel spreadsheet)
  • Consent forms (MS Word)
  • Ethics approval letter from an institutional review board or independent ethics committee
  • Author Declaration Letter
  • ICMJE Conflict of Interest Form
  • Videos (.mp4)
  • Any other types of files as requested by reviewers and/or editors

All supplemental files must be numbered in Arabic numerals consecutively, regardless of file types. Each file is named as "Supplementary File" followed by a number. The first supplementary file that is cited in the manuscript is should be Supplemental File 1, followed by Supplemental File 2, and so on. The words of Supplemental File 1, Supplemental File 2 and so on should be put in bold.

In general, it is not compulsory to cite supplementary files in the text but supplementary figures and tables are generally cited to attract the attention of readers to additional data and analysis. Each supplementary figure/table must be accompanied by a brief title, and the legend or footnote is optional.

ALL supplementary files must be named appropriately and uploaded to Supplementary Files section during the submission stage.

 

Scaling/Resolution

Line Art image type is normally an image based on lines and text. It does not contain tonal or shaded areas. The preferred file format is TIFF or EPS in a resolution of 900-1200 dpi, with the color mode is either Monochrome 1-bit or RGB.

Halftone image type is a continuous tone photograph containing no text. The images should in a TIFF format in a resolution of 300 dpi, with the color mode being RGB or Grayscale.

Combination image type is an image containing halftone, text or line art elements. This type of image should be in the TIFF format in a resolution of 500-900 dpi, with the color mode being RGB or Grayscale.

Greek Symbols and Special Characters

To ensure that all Greek symbols and special characters are embedded in the text without being lost during conversion to PDF/XML, these symbols and characters must be inserted as a symbol but should not be a result of any format styling (symbol font face).

Authors are urged to refer to existing guidelines. These guidelines give an arrangement of suggestions involving a rundown of things pertinent to their particular research plan. Chemical equations, chemical names, mathematical usage, unit of measurements, chemical and physical quantity & units must conform to SI and Chemical Abstracts or IUPAC.

All kinds of measurements should be used only as stated in International System of Units (SI).

 

Chemical structures

Chemical structures must be prepared in ChemDraw/CDX and should be categorized and labeled as figure (see Figures and Tables).

(a) Drawing setting:

Chain angle

120°

Bond spacing

18% of width

Fixed length

14.4 pt (0.500cm, 0.2in)

Bold width

2.0 pt (0.071cm, 0.0278in)

Line width

0.6 pt (0.021cm, 0.0084in)

Margin width

1.6 pt (0.096cm)

Hash spacing

2.5 pt (0.088cm, 0.0347in)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b) Text settings:

Font

Times New Roman / Helvetica

Size

8 pt



 

 

(c) Under the Preference, choose:

Units

points

Tolerances

3 pixels



 

 

(d) Under the Page Setup, use:

Paper

US letter

Scale

100%



 

 

References

Authors should only use ACS style to list the references. The list of references should include only those publications that are cited in the text. All references should be numbered sequentially, [in square parentheses] in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section. We strongly encourage the authors to use professional reference listing software, for examples, Endnote or Reference Manager before submission. Some crucial points to take note:

  • All authors must be cited and there should be no use of the phrase et al.
  • Date of access should be provided for online citations/retrieval.
  • Journal names should be abbreviated according to the Index Medicus/MEDLINE.
  • Punctuation should be properly applied as mentioned in the examples given above.
  • Superscript in the in-text citations and reference section should be avoided.
  • URLs for the references should be provided, if available.
  • Abstracts, unpublished data and personal communications (which can only be included if prior permission has been obtained) should not be given in the references section. The details may, however, appear in the footnotes.
  • The authors are encouraged to use a recent version of EndNote (version 4 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10) when formatting their reference list, as this allows references to be automatically extracted.

See below for a few examples of references listed in the ACS Style:

Journal Reference

[1]  Hong, O. Y.; Noh, E. M.; Jang, H. Y.; Lee, Y. R.; Lee, B. K.; Jung, S. H.; Kim, J. S.; Youn, H. J., Epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the growth of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells via inactivation of the beta-catenin signaling pathway. Oncol Lett 2017, 14 (1), 441-446.

[2]  Tang, Y.; Wang, Y.; Kiani, M. F.; Wang, B., Classification, Treatment Strategy, and Associated Drug Resistance in Breast Cancer. Clin Breast Cancer 2016, 16 (5), 335-343.

Book Reference

[1]  Crabtree, R. H. The Organometallic Chemistry of the Transition Metals, 3rd Ed.; Wiley & Sons: New York, 2001.

Book Chapter Reference

[1]  Wheeler, D.M.S.; Wheeler, M.M. Stereoselective Syntheses of Doxorubicin and Related Compounds In: Studies in Natural Products Chemistry; Atta-ur-Rahman, Ed.; Elsevier Science B. V: Amsterdam, 1994; Vol. 14, pp. 3-46.

Conference Proceedings

[1]  Jakeman, D.L.; Withers, S.G. E. In: Carbohydrate Bioengineering: Interdisciplinary Approaches, Proceedings of the 4th Carbohydrate Bioengineering Meeting, Stockholm, Sweden, June 10-13, 2001; Teeri, T.T.; Svensson, B.; Gilbert, H.J.; Feizi, T., Eds.; Royal Society of Chemistry: Cambridge, UK, 2002; pp. 3-8.

URL (WebPage)

[1]  National Library of Medicine. Specialized Information Services: Toxicology and Environmental Health. sis.nlm.nih.gov/Tox/ToxMain.html (Accessed May 23, 2004).

Patent

[2]  Hoch, J.A.; Huang, S. Screening methods for the identification of novel antibiotics. U.S. Patent 6,043,045, March 28, 2000.

Thesis

[1]  Mackel, H. Capturing the Spectra of Silicon Solar Cells. PhD Thesis, The Australian National University: Canberra, December 2004.

E-citations

[1]  Citations for articles/material published exclusively online or in open access (free-to-view), must contain the accurate Web addresses (URLs) at the end of the reference(s), except those posted on an author's Web site (unless editorially essential), e.g. '˜Reference: Available from: URL'.

 

 

Original Research Article

Original research articles should provide details regarding essential and unpublished investigations and ought to describe the aims and hypothesis, methods, results, analysis of the of results and conclusion. The journal allows the original research articles to explore confirming studies and disconfirming results, which allow hypothesis elimination, reformulation or potentially provide details regarding the non-reproducibility of previously published results. Articles should include the following sections:

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • Conflict of Interest
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Reference
  • Figures and/or tables

Original research articles are peer-reviewed with the following requirements:

  1. Maximum word count of 12,000 words, excluding Cover Letter and the List of Suggested Reviewer in the same document
  2. A structured, unreferenced abstract with the length between 200 to 250 words, with the subheadings of Background, Objective(s), Results and Conclusion.
  3. 4 to 6 keywords
  4. Up to 15 figures/tables
  5. Not more than 30 references
  6. Authors need to pay a publication fee to publish an Original Research Article.

 

Review Article

Review articles cover topics that have critical advancement or improvement as of late with complete profundity and give an adjusted point of view. Review articles should exhibit an entire diagram of the cutting edge of stem cells and tissue engineering topics, and not just simply summarize the available literature on the topics. Additionally, review articles should discuss the following:

  • General background of the field
  • Previous important reviews in the field
  • Different school of considerations or discussions
  • Basic ideas, issues, and problems
  • Prominent features of recent developments
  • Current research gaps
  • Suggestion to improve the research gaps or future perspectives in the field

Review articles may include any unpublished material, i.e. unpublished/original data, submitted manuscripts, or personal communications. However, a clear explanation/elaboration on the unpublished material should be provided.

Review articles should include the following sections:

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Sections (with heading and subheadings)
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • Conflict of Interest
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Reference
  • Figures and/or tables

Review articles are peer-reviewed with the following requirements:

  1. Maximum word count of 12,000 words, excluding Cover Letter and the List of Suggested Reviewer in the same document
  2. An unstructured, unreferenced abstract with the length between 150 to 200 words
  3. 4 to 6 keywords
  4. Up to 15 figures/tables
  5. Not more than 40 references
  6. Authors need to pay a publication fee to publish a Review Article.

 

Mini-Review

Mini-review articles cover the focused aspects of a current area of investigation and its recent developments. Mini-review articles should provide a compact and clear summary of the topic, enabling readers to have the latest information on new developments and/or emerging concepts, as well as discuss the following:

  • Different school of considerations or discussions
  • Current research gaps
  • Suggestion to improve the research gaps or future perspectives in the field

Mini-reviews may include unpublished material (unpublished/original data, submitted manuscripts, or personal communications). However, a clear explanation/elaboration on the unpublished material should be provided. Articles should include the following sections:

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Sections
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • Conflict of Interest
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Reference
  • Figures and/or tables

Mini-reviews are peer-reviewed with the following requirements:

  1. Maximum word count of 3,000 words, excluding Cover Letter and the List of Suggested Reviewer in the same document
  2. An unstructured, unreferenced abstract with the length of not more than 150 words
  3. 4 to 6 keywords
  4. Up 2 figures/tables
  5. Not more than 20 references
  6. Authors need to pay a publication fee to publish a Mini-Review.

 

Case Report

Case report articles are a descriptive account of human or animal patients that present an unexpected/rare diagnosis, treatment outcome, or clinical course. Case Reports should include the following:

  • Background
  • Case presentation
  • For human patients: age, sex and occupation of the patient, presenting symptoms, the patient’s history and any relevant family or social history, and relevant clinical findings
  • For animal patients: age, sex, and breed of the animal, presenting problems, the animal's history, and relevant clinical findings
  • Description of laboratory investigations and diagnostic tests
  • Discussion of the underlying pathophysiology and the novelty or significance of the case.

Authors need to obtain a written informed consent from the patients (or their legal representatives) for the publication. For case reports involving animals, authors are required to obtain the ethics consent from the ethics committee. Articles should include the following sections:

  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Discussion
  • Concluding Remarks 
  • Figures and/or tables 

Case reports should have the following requirements:

  1. Maximum word count of 3,000 words, excluding Cover Letter and the List of Suggested Reviewer in the same document
  2. Up to 4 figures/tables/videos
  3. Not more than 10 references
  4. Authors need to pay a publication fee to publish a Case Report.

 

Short Communication

Short communications may encompass short analytical reports, experimental procedures or observations of high quality. This section also serves as a channel for authors to express new ideas and opinions on controversial issues. Articles should include the following sections:

  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Discussion
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Figures and/or tables

Short communications should have the following requirements:

  1. Maximum word count of 3000 words, excluding Cover Letter and the List of Suggested Reviewer in the same document
  2. Up to 3 tables/figures
  3. Not more than 10 references 
  4. Authors need to pay a fee to publish a Short Communication.

 

Opinion

An opinion piece is a non-peer reviewed content type that presents the opinions and perspectives of an author on the current topics in stem cells and tissue engineering. This content type is open to the invited author only and is written in an easy-to-understand manner to make it accessible to experts in the related fields, scientists as well as laymen.

In gist, the authors should call for attention to a specific field of stem cells and tissue engineering or the related problems or issues by providing their personal view of the situations. The authors should proceed to offer solutions that could address the problems or issues. The authors are allowed to seek for past studies and published findings to support their points of view, or for reference purpose, as long as they are explained in plain language.

No abstract is required for an opinion piece. The maximum length of an opinion manuscript is 2,000 words. Only a figure or a table is allowed in the manuscript. Authors need to pay a fee to publish an Opinion piece.

 

Letter to the Editor

Letters to the editor express the feedback or ask for the clarification or comment on earlier published articles or a current topic on which a publication of any sort would have appeared including the editorial in the journal. This can include a short summary of the authors’ work or use it as a reference but not to include a detailed analytical data of the work. The editorial board may give in reply or obtain the response of the original author of the published articles quoted and publish it as a reply to such letters.

Letter to the Editor should adhere the following requirements:

  1. Maximum word count of 1000 words, excluding Cover Letter and the List of Suggested Reviewer in the same document
  2. Up to 10 references
  3. Authors need to pay a publication fee to publish a Letter to the Editor.

 

Editorial

Editorials are submitted exclusively by the Editorial Board Member of the journal according to the topics covered. The aim of Editorials is to deliver the aims and objectives of the research pertaining to the topics of interest to readers, as well as engaging it in a more extensive context. The Editorial should present the contributing articles of the Research Topic but not a brief table of content. As the final contributing article to the Research Topic, Editorials should be submitted once all expected articles have been accepted and published.

Editorials should adhere to the following requirements:

  1. Maximum word count of 1,000 words for Topics with 5-10 articles. For each additional article in the Topic, the word count can increase for up to a maximum of 5,000 words for 50 articles or more.
  2. Editorials should not include unpublished or original data, nor figures.
  3. The inclusion of references in the Editorials is strongly encouraged.
  4. A publication fee is not chargeable to the authors to publish an Editorial. 

 

Erratum

If authors notice differences between their approved galley proofs and the final published article, thus leading to errors that affect the scholarly record or the integrity of the paper, authors are encouraged to submit a request for erratum to the journal editorial office iscte.editorial.office@bbwpublisher.com, clearly specifying the error and the correct information in the cover letter.

Errata are submitted by the journal's editorial office to correct errors introduced to the article by the publisher after the author proofing stage. The articles carry the title format: "Erratum: Original Article Title".

 

Corrigendum/Addendum

Should authors notice errors that affect the scholarly record or integrity of the paper, authors are encouraged to submit a correction online. The cover letter must detail the reason(s) for and location(s) of the error(s) within the article and the correct information. All authors of the original article need to agree to the request for changes. Depending on the extent of the correction required, corrections may require peer review. Authors are informed that requests for changes beyond that described here may not be accepted for publication.

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